The leadership of “tuan guru” for the students and their pesantren


  • Zulfakar FIPP-UNDIKMA


Leadership, tuan guru, santri, pesantren


Pen Scratches are as of now attempting to take ibroh or lessons from a figure at the santri central command (Islamic boarding school or understudy residence) commonly known in Lombok-Indonesia as "tuan guru" or "kyai", with the information and character of the understudies rule. The teacher who is within the understudy central command will have an affect on the beat of life in it, both the environment of the understudies, the central station, neighborhood inhabitants and the encompassing environment, the subtleties of the life of understudies at the base camp is the air. Subtleties of life that are designed with instructive programs that are entirely planned, and have been orchestrated in such a way that the crevices to do things that are improper or opposite to the standards of Islamic lessons can really be minimized, controlled. And the supervision of the ace and his faithful devotees, who are instructors or educating staff in schools. At understudy headquarters.


Abdul Hakim (2012), The Implementation of Islamic Leadership and Islamic Organizational Culture and Its Influence on Islamic Working Motivation and Islamic Performance PT Bank Mu’amalat Indonesia Tbk.

Employee in the Central Java, Asia Pacific Management Review, vol. 17(1), pp. 77-90.

Abdul Mutalib, M., Rafiki, A., Wan Razali, W.M.F.A. (2022). Characteristics, Traits, and Emerging Concepts of Islamic Leadership. In: Principles and Practice of Islamic Leadership. Springer, Singapore.

Agus Mursidi, M. Kamal, Harwanti Noviandari, Nurul Agustina, & M. Haddadalwi Nasyafiallah, (2021), Virtual boarding school education management: The idea of equitable Islamic education services to the millennial generation. Linguistics and Culture Review, 5(S3), 1054-1066.

Ahmad Taufiq (2021), The leadership of the Kiai in Facing the Globalization of Education in Islamic Boarding School, Jurnal Manajemen dan Supervisi Pendidikan, vol.5(2), pp. 61-72.

Babby Hasmayni, Farida Hanum Siregar, Azhar Aziz (2019), Establishment of Character Through Boarding School Education in Students in Pondok Pesantren, Advances in Social Science. 4th Annual International Seminar on Transformative Education and Educational Leadership (AISTEEL), Atlantis Press. Education and Humanities Research, vol. 384, pp. 238-241.

Chatia Hastasari, Benni Setiawan, Suranto Aw (2022), Students’ communication patterns of islamic boarding schools: the case of Students in Muallimin Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Heliyon, vol. 8(1 January) e08824.

Claire Davis (2018), Rank Matters: police leadership and the authority of rank, Policing and Society: An International Journal of Research and Policy, vol. 30(4), pp. 446-461.

Dahlena Sari Marbun (2013), "Attributions and requirements of Islamic leadership", Management Research Review, vol. 36(4), pp. 379-387.

Darwish Almoharby, and Mark Neal (2013), "Clarifying Islamic perspectives on leadership", Education, Business and Society: Contemporary Middle Eastern Issues, vol. 6(3/4), pp. 148-161.

Eleftheria Egel & Louis W. Fry (2017), Spiritual Leadership as a Model for Islamic Leadership, Public Integrity, vol. 19(1), pp. 77-95.

Eric Hilgendorf (2009), Islamic Education: History and Tendency, Peabody Journal of Education, vol. 78(2), pp. 63-75.

G. Ross Baker, & Jean-Louis Denis (2011), Medical leadership in health care systems: from professional authority to organizational leadership, Public Money & Management, vol. 31(5), pp. 355-362.

Hasan Baharun, (2017), Total Moral Quality: A New Approach for Character Education in Pesantren, Ulumuna: Journal of Islamic Studies, vol.21(1), pp. 57-80.

Ilyas Husti & Mahyarni, (2019), Islamic Leadership, Innovation, Competitive Advantages, and Performance of SMEs in Indonesia, East Asia: An International Quarterly; Dordrecht, vol. 36(4 Dec), pp. 369-383. DOI:10.1007/s12140-019-09325-7

Ilyas, Mukhlisuddin; Zainuddin; Sibuea, Abdul Muin; Zahrila (2019), Leadership transformation; study of islamic boarding school (dayah) in Aceh province of Indonesia, Journal of Entrepreneurship Education, vol. 22(2), pp. 1-5.

Jean-Etienne Joullié, Anthony M. Gould, Robert Spillane, SylvainLuc (2021), The language of power and authority in leadership, The Leadership Quarterly, vol. 32(4 August), 101491.

Julie Davis (2001), American Indian Boarding School Experiences: Recent Studies from Native Perspectives, OAH Magazine of History, vol. 15(2), pp. 20-22. Oxford University Press,

Kasful (2015), The Leadership of Kyai in Islamic Boarding School, A Study of Islamic Boarding School in Jambi, Al-Ta’lim Journal, vol. 22(1) pp.88-95.

Khaliq Ahmad, and O.K. Ogunsola (2011), "An empirical assessment of Islamic leadership principles", International Journal of Commerce and Management, vol. 21(3), pp. 291-318.

Lukman Hakim, Mohammad Abdul Khafid; Fahcrurriza Oktaviana Suyoto Putri (2019). The Role of Islamic Boarding Schools in Forming Entrepreneurship Values and Religious Leadership of Santri. Al-Hayat: Journal of Islamic Education, vol. 3(2) pp. 98-111,

Macdonald, M., Gringart, E., Ngarritjan Kessaris, T., Cooper, M., Gray, J. (2018), A ‘better’ education: An examination of the utility of boarding school for Indigenous secondary students in Western Australia. Australian Journal of Education. 62(2): pp. 192-216.

Miles K. Davis, John Winn, (2017). Islamic Leadership Models: Lessons from Early Islam. In: Ramadani, V., Dana, LP., Gërguri-Rashiti, S., Ratten, V. (eds) Entrepreneurship and Management in an Islamic Context. Springer, Cham.

M. Rizkoni Salis, (2020). Kyai leadership style in developing the majelis taklim in Islamic Boarding School. Nidhomul Haq: Jurnal Manajemen Pendidikan Islam, vol. 5(3), 392-410.

Muhamad Agung Ali Fikri, Tias Pramono, Yunianto Agung Nugroho, Dewiana Novitasari, & Masduki Asbari, (2021). Leadership Model in Pesantren: Managing Knowledge Sharing through Psychological Climate. International Journal of Social and Management Studies, vol. 2(3), pp. 149-160.

Muh. Misbah, Suhendar Sulaeman, & Syaiful Bakhri (2019), Role of Leadership in Organizational Change: A Case Study at Attaqwa Putra Islamic Boarding School Bekasi-Indonesia. Asian Journal of Contemporary Education, 3(1), pp. 72-84.

Mukhamad Ilyasin (2020), Transformation of Learning Management: Integrative Study of Islamic Boarding School Curriculum, Dinamika Ilmu, Journal of Education-Jurnal Pendidikan, vol. 20(1), pp. 13-22.

Naufal Ahmad Rijalul Alam (2018), Strengthening Leadership Culture (The Role of Kyai in Indonesian Pesantren), At-Ta’dib: Journal of Pesantren Education, vol. 13(1), pp. 1-17.

Ned Wellman (2017), Authority or Community? A Relational Models Theory of Group-Level Leadership Emergence, Academy of Management Review, vol. 42(4), pp. 596-617.

Noor Hamid, & Muhammad Iqbal Juliansyahzen (2017). Prophetic Leadership in Pesantren Education: Study at Pondok Pesantren Universitas Islam Indonesia. Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 6(2), 349-369.

Nur Aedi (2014), Leadership Succession in Pesantren, Jurnal Pendidikan Islam: Islamic Educational Institution Concerning Islamic Education, vol. 1(2). Pp. 247-262.

Nur Khusniyah Indrawati (2014), Management by Inspiration: Implementation of Transformational Leadership on Business at Pondok Pesantren*) Sunan Drajat, Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 115(21 February), pp. 79-90.

Pepen Supendi, Aan Hasanah, & Mahmud Mahmud, (2019). Transformational Leadership in Pesantren on as Sa’idah, Al Matuq, and Sunanul Huda Boarding School. Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, vol. 7(2), pp. 303-316.

Philip A. Woods (2016), Authority, power and distributed leadership, Management in Education, vol. 30(4), pp. 155-160.

Rahayu Indriasari, Nurrahma Sri Fitayani, Marini Amalia Mansur, Asriyani Tunru,(2020), Alarming nutrition problems among adolescent students attending islamic boarding school in Indonesia, Enfermería Clínica, vol. 30(Supplement 4 June), pp. 44-47.

Rubén Gaztambide-Fernández (2009), What Is an Elite Boarding School?, Review of Educational Research, vol. 79(3 September), pp. 1090-1128.

Sik-Liong Ang and Kim Cheng Patrick Low (2012), Islamic Leadership Lessons from the 9th Century Based on Ibn Khaldun’s Muqaddimah (March 21). Journal of Educational Research, vol.3(3), pp. 212-219, Available at SSRN:

Siti Aisyah, Munaya Ulil Ilmi, Muhammad Amirudin Rosyid, Eni Wulandari & Fandi Akhmad (2022). Kiai Leadership Concept in The Scope of Pesantren Organizational Culture. Tafkir: Interdisciplinary Journal of Islamic Education, vol. 3(1), pp. 40-59.

St. Wardah Hanfie Das, Abdul Halik, & Amaluddin. (2016). Paradigm of Islamic Education in the Future: The Integration of Islamic Boarding School and Favorite School. Information Management and Business Review, vol. 8(4), pp. 24-32.

Tessa Benveniste, Samantha Disbray and John Guenther, (2014), A brief review of literature on boarding school education for indigenous students and recent Australian media coverage of the issue, ACADEMIA, Accelerat ing the world's research, pp. 1-14.

Yusuf Hanafi, Ahmad Taufiq, Muhammad Saefi, M. Alifudin Ikhsan, Tsania Nur Diyana, Titis Thoriquttyas, Faris Khoirul Anam (2021), The new identity of Indonesian Islamic boarding schools in the “new normal”: the education leadership response to COVID-19, Heliyon, vol. 7(3 March) e06549.

Zainal Arifin, (2017). Authority of Spiritual Leadership at Pesantren Temboro Based on Jamaah Tabligh Ideology. Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, vol. 6(2), pp. 265-292.

Zulfakar,(2022), Responsibility in education, Science and Education, Scientific Journal, vol. 3(6), pp. 846-859.

Zulkarnaen, Zulfakar (2022), Didactics in educational sciences, "Science and Education" Scientific Journal, vol. 3(4), pp. 694-707.




How to Cite

Zulfakar. (2022). The leadership of “tuan guru” for the students and their pesantren. Science and Education, 3(7), 219-234. Retrieved from



Pedagogical Sciences