Global warming


  • Guli Sharipova Urgench State University


Energy metabolism, Environmentally relevant concentrations, Global warming, Heat tolerance, Hormesis, Microplastics


The ecological risk assessment of microplastics under global warming receives increasing attention. Yet, such studies mostly focused on increased mean temperatures (MT), ignoring another key component of global warming, namely daily temperature fluctuations (DTF). Moreover, we know next to nothing about the combined effects of multigenerational exposure to microplastics and warming. In this study, Daphnia magna was exposed to an environmentally relevant concentration of polystyrene microplastics (5 μg L-1) under six thermal conditions (MT: 20℃, 24℃; DTF: 0℃, 5℃, 10℃) over two generations to investigate the interactive effects of microplastics and global warming. Results showed that microplastics had no effects on Daphnia at standard thermal conditions (constant 20°C).


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How to Cite

Sharipova, G. (2023). Global warming. Science and Education, 4(2), 84–86. Retrieved from



Natural Sciences